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Mapping Spanish Starchitecture After the Bilbao Effect

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The term "Bilbao effect" is now common in the architecture world, but it's relatively recent: it dates from the construction of Frank Gehry's Guggenheim Museum in Bilbao, and the theory that starchitecture can give cities a new tourism allure. Urban planners worldwide still look to Bilbao as a model for bringing culture, tourists, and eventually cash to their cities—but it's unclear whether the Bilbao effect has had the same impact on other cities. In which case: why not just visit Bilbao? Below, we've mapped sites in and within driving distance of the city designed by big-name architects (there's also plenty of less-big-name architecture worth seeing around the city).


· How Wineries Evolved From Chateau-Only to High Design [Curbed]
· Gaudi's Barcelona: A Map of His Famous, Fantastical Works [Curbed]

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1. Ysios Winery

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La Hoya Bidea, 01300 Guardia
Araba, Spain

Architect Santiago Calatrava's signature waves adorn the Ysios winery in Rioja, part of a trend toward high-design wineries. From afar, the roof looks almost pixelated; up close, the connection to the nearby mountains that inspired the design is clearer.

2. Hotel Marquis de Riscal

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Calle Torrea Kalea, 1, 01340 Elciego
Álava, Spain

Frank Gehry designed this hotel, which opened in 2006 in the Rioja region. The design is meant to mimic the look of a wine bottle.

3. Guggenheim Bilbao

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Abandoibarra Etorb., 2, 48009 Bilbao
Bizkaia, Spain

Frank Gehry's famous Guggenheim Museum Bilbao opened in 1997 and is credited with reviving the entire city. Enough people came to Bilbao to see the museum that the city recouped the entire cost of building it within three years.

4. Zubiarte Shopping Centre

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Leizaola Lehendakariaren Kalea, 2, 48001 Bilbao
Bizkaia, Spain

A short walk from Gehry's Guggenheim is this unassuming shopping center, designed by Robert A.M. Stern.

5. Iberdrola Tower

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Euskadi Plaza, 5, 48009 Bilbao
Bizkaia, Spain

Designed by architect César Pelli, the Iberdrola Tower sits near the Guggenheim Bilbao and opened in 2012.

6. Azkuna Zentroa/Alhóndiga Bilbao

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Alhóndiga Bilbao, 48009 Bilbao
Biscay, Spain

Once a wine warehouse, this building was redesigned by Philippe Starck. It now consists of three buildings with different themes, and is known for its column-heavy atrium.

7. Bilbao Airport

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Bilbao Airport (BIO), 48180 Loiu
Biscay, Spain

The Bilbao Airport was designed by Santiago Calatrava.

8. Bilbao Metro

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Nafarroa Kalea, 2, 48001 Bilbao
Bizkaia, Spain

After years of delays in the plans for a Bilbao Metro, Norman Foster won a competition to design the system in 1988. His stations are made of steel, glass, and concrete.

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1. Ysios Winery

La Hoya Bidea, 01300 Guardia, Araba, Spain

Architect Santiago Calatrava's signature waves adorn the Ysios winery in Rioja, part of a trend toward high-design wineries. From afar, the roof looks almost pixelated; up close, the connection to the nearby mountains that inspired the design is clearer.

La Hoya Bidea, 01300 Guardia
Araba, Spain

2. Hotel Marquis de Riscal

Calle Torrea Kalea, 1, 01340 Elciego, Álava, Spain

Frank Gehry designed this hotel, which opened in 2006 in the Rioja region. The design is meant to mimic the look of a wine bottle.

Calle Torrea Kalea, 1, 01340 Elciego
Álava, Spain

3. Guggenheim Bilbao

Abandoibarra Etorb., 2, 48009 Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain

Frank Gehry's famous Guggenheim Museum Bilbao opened in 1997 and is credited with reviving the entire city. Enough people came to Bilbao to see the museum that the city recouped the entire cost of building it within three years.

Abandoibarra Etorb., 2, 48009 Bilbao
Bizkaia, Spain

4. Zubiarte Shopping Centre

Leizaola Lehendakariaren Kalea, 2, 48001 Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain

A short walk from Gehry's Guggenheim is this unassuming shopping center, designed by Robert A.M. Stern.

Leizaola Lehendakariaren Kalea, 2, 48001 Bilbao
Bizkaia, Spain

5. Iberdrola Tower

Euskadi Plaza, 5, 48009 Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain

Designed by architect César Pelli, the Iberdrola Tower sits near the Guggenheim Bilbao and opened in 2012.

Euskadi Plaza, 5, 48009 Bilbao
Bizkaia, Spain

6. Azkuna Zentroa/Alhóndiga Bilbao

Alhóndiga Bilbao, 48009 Bilbao, Biscay, Spain

Once a wine warehouse, this building was redesigned by Philippe Starck. It now consists of three buildings with different themes, and is known for its column-heavy atrium.

Alhóndiga Bilbao, 48009 Bilbao
Biscay, Spain

7. Bilbao Airport

Bilbao Airport (BIO), 48180 Loiu, Biscay, Spain

The Bilbao Airport was designed by Santiago Calatrava.

Bilbao Airport (BIO), 48180 Loiu
Biscay, Spain

8. Bilbao Metro

Nafarroa Kalea, 2, 48001 Bilbao, Bizkaia, Spain

After years of delays in the plans for a Bilbao Metro, Norman Foster won a competition to design the system in 1988. His stations are made of steel, glass, and concrete.

Nafarroa Kalea, 2, 48001 Bilbao
Bizkaia, Spain